Government shutdown review: the rundown on the shutdown in plain English

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Lamar Alexander, he coaxed a fist-bump from the Tennessee Republican who has been working with a bipartisan group of senators to find common ground on immigration and other issues.

Senate negotiators found themselves back at Square 1 on immigration on Tuesday, as the Senate Democratic leader withdrew the biggest gesture he had made to strike a deal: an offer to fully fund President Trump's proposed wall at the Mexican border. Democrats have voiced their desires for initiatives that provide protection of immigrants brought into the USA illegally as children, domestic spending increases and aid for Puerto Rico. Legislators also had not passed a budget, setting up the prospect of the government running out of money. Most Senate Democrats voted for that bill after Senate Majority Leader Mitch McConnell, R-Ky., promised he would bring immigration legislation to the Senate floor if Congress had not reached an agreement on the DACA recipients by the time the spending bill runs out.

While Republicans voted in overwhelming numbers to keep the government open for business, 97 percent of Democrats in the House and 92 percent in the Senate voted to close the federal government, thus stop paying our troops and the U.S. Border Patrol and, as the National Review pointed out "deny medical care to some 9 million children ... enrolled in the Children's Health Insurance Program".

Juan Belman, an activist and organiser in Austin, Texas, a city that has seen increased raids by the Immigration and Customs Enforcement agency since Trump assumed office past year, told Al Jazeera many of his friends "have expressed their anger" towards Democrats.

But that changed after the intervention of more conservative Republicans in Congress, and some top White House aides.

As New York Times columnist Paul Krugman tweeted Monday, after the deal was announced: "I yield to nobody in my desire to see Dems stand up to Trump".

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Under the bipartisan plan which has already been rejected by the White House, the "Dreamers" would have a path to citizenship - but it would take them 12 years to get to that point.

Vote to shut down the government unless they get a deal. Seeing as how many GOP lawmakers had only agreed to end the government shutdown due to Schumer's initial offer, some worry the events of this past weekend will repeat themselves in three weeks. Our government can make real lasting change that almost all Americans, regardless of party, support.

DACA, established under former President Barack Obama, clearly is unconstitutional.

What is happening to immigrants in this country right now - by order of this president and his advisers - is appalling. Twice as many Republicans opt for deportation as choose the possibility of citizenship for them, a very different position than that of the overall public. The practice of the House only to consider legislation that a majority of its members will approve means that a minority can jam up the works - and that is what the so-called Freedom Caucus does. They aren't even considered. Even though McConnell's pledge was key to ending the stalemate, the House is going its own way.

Trump told reporters at the White House on Wednesday that his immigration framework would seek $25 billion for a border wall with Mexico, $5 billion for other border security programs, measures to curb family sponsorship of immigrants, and an overhaul of or end to the visa lottery system. Trump said he was optimistic he could come to an agreement with both Republicans and Democrats in the US Congress that would appeal to hardliners seeking tougher rules for immigrants while also preventing the roughly 700,000 "Dreamers" from being deported. If they don't budge, then what?

If there was ever an issue with the potential to bring both sides of the aisle together, one would think it would be the thousands of DACA recipients across the United States. That's when the true winners will be determined.

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