However, they will allow athletes to compete in the 2018 Olympic Winter Games in PyeongChang after approval by an IOC panel.
Reacting to the move Tuesday, Scott Blackmun, CEO of the U.S. Olympic Committee, said, 'The IOC took a strong and principled decision.
In barring Russia's team, Olympic officials left the door open for some Russian athletes. They will compete with a uniform bearing this name and under the Olympic Flag. During medal ceremonies, the Olympic anthem and Olympic flag will be played. The McLaren Report confirmed Russian Federation engaged in an "institutional conspiracy" to beat the system and swap out tainted drug samples for clean ones.
"The world knows that hundreds of Olympic dreams have been stolen by the doping system in the country where I was born", Stepanov wrote in an affidavit submitted to the International Olympic Committee this fall.
"I very much regret that the International Olympic Committee made such a unusual decision", Mikhail Fedotov, chairman of the Presidential Council on Human Rights, told Interfax on Tuesday. In the last month, the IOC's own commission has banned more than 20 Russian athletes from the Olympics for life over doping violations at the 2014 Winter Games that Russia hosted in Sochi.
The Russian authorities have vehemently denied any state involvement in doping and pledged to work with worldwide sports bodies to curb the use of banned performance-enhancing drugs in the country.
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It was down to the Tide and the Buckeyes (11-2) for the final spot and the committee ultimately went with Nick Saban's squad. Unfortunately for them, their lack of a championship will be a factor for them, as well as their lack of big wins.
Russian officials reacted to the decision by attacking it as unfair.
The IOC made the ruling after a yearlong investigation into systematic doping by Russian athletes.
"Should our country's leadership and national sports decide otherwise, we will still be cheering for our people", Melnikov said, adding, "In this case, it is important to build an information campaign around the Games in a particular way".
"We won't apologize", Pyotr Tolstoy, a leading member of the Russian State Duma, Russia's lower house of legislature, said in remarks broadcast on Channel One, a state-funded television station. Rodchenkov appeared in filmmakers Bryan Fogel and Dan Cogan's critically acclaimed documentary, Icarus, an expose on the Russian state-sponsored doping system.
Invitations will be decided by an International Olympic Committee panel chaired by former France Sports Minister Valerie Fourneyron. Although virtually Russia's entire track and field team was barred from the Rio Games, in the end, the country was able to field around 70 percent of its Olympic team.
Neutral flag (also called white) - this is the flag of the Olympic games with five rings.