Trump is expected to unveil a broad strategy on confronting Iran this week, likely on Friday.
Democratic leader Nancy Pelosi cautioned against leaving the Iranian nuclear agreement, which was one of the top foreign policy achievement of the former president Barack Obama. With the threat of restoring those old sanctions and imposing new ones - as well as the threat of military force - the USA hopes to have new leverage and get Iran to accept changes to the deal.
Under the Obama administration, Iran's stockpile of heavy water (that can be used in certain nuclear reactors) twice went above the agreed limits, although according to the latest report by the International Atomic Energy Agency, it is now well below that benchmark. Iran has always insisted that its nuclear program is for peaceful purposes and denies it has aimed to build an atomic bomb. "This is not the way of making deals, not in foreign policy, not in private businesses and I think [US] President [Donald] Trump understands that perfectly well", she said.
This is not part of the deal itself, but a requirement that was put into place by Congress after they failed to ratify the agreement as a treaty.
The officials discussing the details and timing of the announcement spoke on condition of anonymity because they were not authorized to publicly discuss internal deliberations.
US President Donald Trump has repeatedly criticized the document saying that it gives unilateral advantages to Iran.
"Tomorrow, the president will deliver remarks announcing the (Iran) strategy to the country, ?"
Trump has said he believes the nuclear deal is too generous toward Iran and would not stop it from trying to develop a nuclear weapon.
The agreement contains specific restrictions on Iran's nuclear program that will expire after predetermined periods of time. Tom Cotton, R-Ark., would demand that the intelligence community produce judgments on a wide range of Iranian behavior that is not covered by the nuclear deal, including ballistic missile testing and development and threats to Israel and the Mideast more broadly.
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"As flawed as the deal is, I believe we must now enforce the hell out of it", said the California lawmaker.
"The message that America would send to the rest of the world is that America can not be trusted upon, because a deal that America voted for just two years ago in the U.N. Security Council with a resolution unanimously adopted, a deal that America helped to shape enormously, enormously, would be rejected by the same country", Mogherini told PBS NewsHour anchor Judy Woodruff on Wednesday from European Union headquarters in Brussels.
She pointed to other global agreements that the U.S. has abandoned but the rest of the world has remained committed to, including the Paris Agreement on climate change, and said, "What will happen would simply be that the USA will contravene a UNSC resolution and the rest of the world will stick to it". If Trump refuses to certify, Congress will have 60 days to decide whether to re-impose United States sanctions on Iran.
As British Ambassador to the U.S. Kim Darroch said on September 25, "We would say, let's intensify the discussions [on how to deal with Iran's other activity], but let's keep the JCPOA".
In his planned address, Trump is expected to declare that the deal is not in America's national interest.
Recently Tehran and other signatories to the JCPOA, the five permanent member countries of United Nations Security Council and Germany have joined voices in support of the landmark deal and warned Washington against repercussions of walking way form the multilateral deal. Under a new version being negotiated with Congress, he would have to endorse the deal less frequency but the United States intelligence community would have to assess whether Iran is carrying out covert activity in facilities not visited by the IAEA.
The EU foreign policy chief says Washington's possible withdrawal from the Iran deal will send a message to the worldwide community that the U.S. is not trustworthy when it comes to deal making.
"At the end of the day, though, everyone recognizes that he's the decider".