The US has no real alternative to the present Iran nuclear deal

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That law, written by Democratic Sen. This subject is more of a "jigsaw puzzle", said Haley.

She could not "pre-judge" what Trump would do, she said, but she argued strongly he would have "grounds" to withdraw his certification for the 2015 nuclear deal, under which Iran significantly reduced the scale of its nuclear programme in return for sanctions relief.

"We must consider the regime's repeated, demonstrated hostility toward the United States", Haley said. Iran's nuclear program, she said, "is not something that suddenly went away but is hiding behind an agreement that everyone is afraid to touch". An additional June 2017 allegation by the US accused the Iranians of receiving a shipment of ballistic-missile technology, but so far the Secretary General has not been able to corroborate it.

There's just one problem: the Obama administration was always clear to stress that the JCPOA was first and foremost a nonproliferation agreement, focused on preventing an Iranian bomb, not on fixing every problem in the U.S.

The next deadline is October, and U.S. President Donald Trump has said he thinks by then the United States will find Iran out of compliance. "The result is that for advocates of the deal, everything in our relationship with the Iranian regime must now be subordinated to the preservation of the agreement".

"If the president finds that he can not in good faith certify Iranian compliance, he would initiate a process whereby we move beyond narrow technicalities and look at the big picture", Haley said at the American Enterprise Institute on Tuesday.

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The Trump administration may feel Iran has been given too free a rein given its record of violating its global treaty obligations on nuclear issues.

President Trump, Secretary of State Rex Tillerson and U.S. Ambassador to the U.N. Nikki Haley hold a press conference in Bedminster, N.J. on August 11, 2017.

"No matter how convoluted this gets, the bottom line will be that the US will be blamed for collapse", Ilan Goldenberg, who worked on Iran and Israel policy for Obama, said on Twitter. Fortunately, the US seems to accept the weakness of its case: Trump has twice certified that Iran is in compliance to the US Congress. Among them: Haley's assertion that Obama intended the deal to not only restrain Iran's nuclear program, but to address Iran's other non-nuclear behaviors. "And we must consider the day when the terms of the JCPOA sunset", she said.

Haley, who last month traveled to Vienna to meet with officials at the International Atomic Energy Agency, will speak Tuesday about why Iran's compliance is "not as straightforward as many people believe" and will list out the country's violations to the deal. That penalty is the reimposition of sanctions. Haley all but declared in her speech that the Iranians were guilty if they weren't rushing to open up the additional sites, and the IAEA was weak for not demanding it. "Think about that. There is an absurdly circular logic to enforcement of this deal".

But, Ms. Pletka said, "it is, frankly, a little odd to see the president of the United States punt his constitutional prerogatives down Pennsylvania Avenue" to Congress. But this certification process is where Haley sees an opening.

"All I wanted to do was put out the facts, because it's very easy to just talk about compliance in the Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action (JCPOA), but there's so much more to the story that we need to be looking at, and there's so much more that the president has to be looking at", the top Indian-American diplomat said in response to a question at the American Enterprise Institute, a top American conservative think-tank.

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